Electrolytes are essential for us to be able to live, and all higher forms of life on this planet need them to survive. They have many important functions in the body, such as:

Magnesium is very important for our body, as it helps in muscle contraction, lowers anxiety, supports proper heart rhythm, assists the function of the nerves, helps digestion, promotes bone strength and building and balances the protein fluid.

Sodium is important because it assists the nerve signaling, muscle contractions, and maintains the fluid balance.

Calcium prevents blood clots, blood clotting, supports the forming and maintaining healthy the bones and teeth, and helps with muscle contraction and cell division.

Chloride is responsible for maintaining the fluid balance;

Potassium regulates the blood pressure, heart contractions and  promotes proper function of the muscles.

There can be many reasons for electrolyte imbalance, such as:
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Improper absorption of food nutrients
  • Chemotherapy treatments
  • Antibiotics use
  • Kidney damage or disease
  • Sickness
  • Medications
  • Hormonal imbalance

The most common symptoms of electrolyte imbalance are:

  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness;
  • Muscle aches, spasms, twitches, and weakness;
  • Fever;
  • Thirst;
  • Anxiety;
  • Fluctuations in weight and appetite;
  • Joint pain and numbness;
  • Irregular heartbeats or heart palpitations;
  • Irregular blood pressure;
  • Bones problems;
  • Frequent headaches;
  • Dizziness, especially when standing up suddenly;
  • Cramps, constipation, or diarrhea;
  • Fatigue (chronic fatigue symptom)
  • Difficulties concentrating and an overall confusion;

If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately seek medical help and do some tests to estimate the electrolyte levels, test the blood and urine, do an EKG test to find the cause of the irregularities.

Electrolyte deficiency is diagnosed when they are outside the normal values, and are measured per liter of blood. Here are the normal levels:

  • Potassium: 5-5.3 mEq/L
  • Calcium: 5-5.5 mEq/L
  • Sodium: 136-145 mEq/L
  • Chloride: 97-107 mEq/L
  • Magnesium: 1.5-2.5 mEq/L

Confusion, dizziness, and irritability, are all symptoms of high sodium levels in the body. You may become weak and dizzy when you have very high sodium amount, and if you don’t treat this condition you may experience seizures, delirious states, and even fall into a coma.

Written by jale